Joint Entrance Examination – Advanced (JEE-Advanced), formerly the Indian Institutes of Technology-Joint Entrance Examination (IIT-JEE), is an academic examination held annually in India. It is conducted by one of the seven zonal IITs (IIT Roorkee, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, and IIT Guwahati) under guidance of the Joint Admission Board (JAB). It is the sole prerequisite for admission in the Indian Institutes of Technology. Other universities like the Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISERs), and the Indian Institute of Science also uses the score obtained in JEE Advanced as the basis for admission. Any student who was admitted to IIT cannot appear for the JEE-Advanced, but the same is not the case with IISc, IISER, RGIPT and other institutes, because these institutes only use JEE-Advanced scores as a criterion for admission. The examination is organised each year by one of the IIT, on a round robin rotation pattern. It has a very low qualification rate (about 9,369 in 479,651 in 2012; ~1.95%) The qualification rate of the JEE-Advanced in 2017 was approximately 0.92% (about 11,000 out of 1,200,000 who applied for JEE Main)
In 2013 the examination, originally called the IIT-JEE, was renamed as JEE (Advanced), and the AIEEE was renamed JEE (Main). From 2017, IIT began conducting JEE internationally for the admission of foreign residents.
Eligibility criteria for appearing in JEE (Advanced) are:
- Candidates should rank among the top candidates in Paper-1 of JEE (Main), broken down per category. For example, for JEE (Advanced) 2019 the top 245,000 were eligible, but only 46.5% of those were open for all, the rest being reserved for special categories.
- Candidates should be less than 25 years of age, with five year relaxation for SC, ST, and PwD candidates.
- Candidates can attempt examination at most two times in two consecutive years.
- Candidates should have qualified the Class XII Board Examination (or equivalent) in the previous year.
- Candidates should not have accepted admission in any of the IIT earlier.
In addition, candidates are required to either be within the category-wise top 20 percentile of successful candidates in the Class XII Board Examination, or secure a 75% mark (65% for SC, ST and PwD).